'Slavery @ the Cape'

CAPE TOWN : A PORT CITY THAT SLAVES BUILT
Timeline of Slavery @ the Cape - A Chronology of Slave Events

 
FORMATION OF THE DUTCH EAST INDIA COMPANY –THE VOC
  • 1602 : Chamber Representatives of the Netherlands Parliament grants a founding charter to the Dutch East India Company to establish an Indian trading empire in the East;
  • DUTCH COLONIAL SOUTH AFRICA
  • 1652: The Dutch East India Company started a refreshment station at the Cape for its VOC shipping fleet on their way to East and/or on their return trips from Batavia[ i.e. present day Java as part of Indonesia] ;
  • 1658 : The first shipload of slaves are brought to the Cape, from Angola on-board the ship, the Amersfoort;
  • 1666 : Slaves built the Castle – Fort Good Hope;
  • 1679 : Foundations are laid for the Company Slave Lodge;
  • 1693 : Slaves at the Cape outnumber free people for the first time. They are mainly from around the Indian Ocean – Mocambique, Madagascar, Mauritius;
  • 1717 : VOC decides to retain the institution of slavery as the main labour system for the Cape;
  • 1725 : Evidence that runaway slaves have been living at the mountainous Hangklip for extensive periods, between Gordons Bay and Kleinmond/Hermanus;
  • 1738 : The Moravian Church started their first mission station at Baviaans-kloof, now known as Genadendal in the Swellendam district;
  • 1754 : The governor, Tulbagh consolidated the numerous VOC slave regulations into a single placaaten, the CAPE SLAVE CODE;
  • 1754 : A census taken of the Cape colony at the time showed the two populations, both slaves and settlers to be roughly equal to about 6000 each.
  • 1792 : The Moravian Missionary Society re-established their first mission station, Genadendal in the Swellendam district;
  • 1ST BRITISH OCCUPATION SECOND DUTCH RE-OCCUPATION : THE BATAVIAN REPUBLIC 2ND BRITISH OCCUPATION : BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA 1ST SLAVE REBELLION 2ND SLAVE REBELLION SLAVE AMELIORISATION LAWS SLAVE EMANCIPATION END OF SLAVE APPRENTICESHIP PERIOD CAPE ‘MASTERS & SERVANTS’ LABOUR LEGISLATION
     
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    The author of this website is Mogamat G Kamedien. He is responsible for the contents of the South African slavery  pages. Email him at kammie@new.co.za with any information in order to update this dedicated webpage.